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The P1010RDB is a Freescale reference design board that hosts the P1010 SoC.
The P1010 is a cost-effective, low-power, highly integrated host processor
based on a Power Architecture e500v2 core (maximum core frequency 800/1000 MHz),
that addresses the requirements of several routing, gateways, storage, consumer,
and industrial applications. Applications of interest include the main CPUs and
I/O processors in network attached storage (NAS), the voice over IP (VoIP)
router/gateway, and wireless LAN (WLAN) and industrial controllers.
The P1010RDB board features are as follows:
Memory subsystem:
- 1Gbyte unbuffered DDR3 SDRAM discrete devices (32-bit bus)
- 32 Mbyte NOR flash single-chip memory
- 32 Mbyte NAND flash memory
- 256 Kbit M24256 I2C EEPROM
- 16 Mbyte SPI memory
- I2C Board EEPROM 128x8 bit memory
- SD/MMC connector to interface with the SD memory card
- PCIe:
- Lane0: x1 mini-PCIe slot
- Lane1: x1 PCIe standard slot
- 1 internal SATA connector to 2.5” 160G SATA2 HDD
- 1 eSATA connector to rear panel
- 10/100/1000 BaseT Ethernet ports:
- eTSEC1, RGMII: one 10/100/1000 port using Vitesse VSC8641XKO
- eTSEC2, SGMII: one 10/100/1000 port using Vitesse VSC8221
- eTSEC3, SGMII: one 10/100/1000 port using Vitesse VSC8221
- USB 2.0 port:
- x1 USB2.0 port via an external ULPI PHY to micro-AB connector
- x1 USB2.0 port via an internal UTMI PHY to micro-AB connector
- FlexCAN ports:
- 2 DB-9 female connectors for FlexCAN bus(revision 2.0B)
- DUART interface:
- DUART interface: supports two UARTs up to 115200 bps for
console display
- RJ45 connectors are used for these 2 UART ports.
- 2 FXS ports connected via an external SLIC to the TDM interface.
SLIC is controllled via SPI.
- 1 FXO port connected via a relay to FXS for switchover to POTS
Board connectors:
- Mini-ITX power supply connector
- JTAG/COP for debugging
IEEE Std. 1588 signals for test and measurement
Real-time clock on I2C bus
- support critical POR setting changed via switch on board
- 6-layer routing (4-layer signals, 2-layer power and ground)
Physical Memory Map on P1010RDB
Address Start Address End Memory type Attributes
0x0000_0000 0x3fff_ffff DDR 1G Cacheable
0xa000_0000 0xdfff_ffff PCI Express Mem 1G non-cacheable
0xee00_0000 0xefff_ffff NOR Flash 32M non-cacheable
0xffc2_0000 0xffc5_ffff PCI IO range 256K non-cacheable
0xffa0_0000 0xffaf_ffff NAND Flash 1M cacheable
0xffb0_0000 0xffbf_ffff Board CPLD 1M non-cacheable
0xffd0_0000 0xffd0_3fff L1 for Stack 16K Cacheable TLB0
0xffe0_0000 0xffef_ffff CCSR 1M non-cacheable
Serial Port Configuration on P1010RDB
Configure the serial port of the attached computer with the following values:
-Data rate: 115200 bps
-Number of data bits: 8
-Parity: None
-Number of Stop bits: 1
-Flow Control: Hardware/None
Settings of DIP-switch
SW4[1:4]= 1111 and SW6[4]=0 for boot from 16bit NOR flash
SW4[1:4]= 1000 and SW6[4]=1 for boot from 8bit NAND flash
SW4[1:4]= 0110 and SW6[4]=0 for boot from SPI flash
Note: 1 stands for 'on', 0 stands for 'off'
Setting of hwconfig
If FlexCAN or TDM is needed, please set "fsl_p1010mux:tdm_can=can" or
"fsl_p1010mux:tdm_can=tdm" explicitly in u-booot prompt as below for example:
setenv hwconfig "fsl_p1010mux:tdm_can=tdm;usb1:dr_mode=host,phy_type=utmi"
By default, don't set fsl_p1010mux:tdm_can, in this case, spi chip selection
is set to spi-flash instead of to SLIC/TDM/DAC and tdm_can_sel is set to TDM
instead of to CAN/UART1.
Build and burn u-boot to NOR flash
1. Build u-boot.bin image
export ARCH=powerpc
export CROSS_COMPILE=/your_path/powerpc-linux-gnu-
make P1010RDB_NOR
2. Burn u-boot.bin into NOR flash
=> tftp $loadaddr $uboot
=> protect off eff40000 +$filesize
=> erase eff40000 +$filesize
=> cp.b $loadaddr eff40000 $filesize
3. Check SW4[1:4]= 1111 and SW6[4]=0, then power on.
Alternate NOR bank
1. Burn u-boot.bin into alternate NOR bank
=> tftp $loadaddr $uboot
=> protect off eef40000 +$filesize
=> erase eef40000 +$filesize
=> cp.b $loadaddr eef40000 $filesize
2. Switch to alternate NOR bank
=> mw.b ffb00009 1
=> reset
or set SW1[8]= ON
SW1[8]= OFF: Upper bank used for booting start
SW1[8]= ON: Lower bank used for booting start
CPLD NOR bank selection register address 0xFFB00009 Bit[0]:
0 - boot from upper 4 sectors
1 - boot from lower 4 sectors
Build and burn u-boot to NAND flash
1. Build u-boot.bin image
export ARCH=powerpc
export CROSS_COMPILE=/your_path/powerpc-linux-gnu-
make P1010RDB_NAND
2. Burn u-boot-nand.bin into NAND flash
=> tftp $loadaddr $uboot-nand
=> nand erase 0 $filesize
=> nand write $loadaddr 0 $filesize
3. Check SW4[1:4]= 1000 and SW6[4]=1, then power on.
Build and burn u-boot to SPI flash
1. Build u-boot-spi.bin image
make P1010RDB_SPIFLASH_config; make
Boot up kernel with rootfs.ext2.gz.uboot.p1010rdb
Download u-boot.bin to linux and you can find some config files
under /usr/share such as config_xx.dat. Do below command:
boot_format config_ddr3_1gb_p1010rdb_800M.dat u-boot.bin -spi \
to generate u-boot-spi.bin.
2. Burn u-boot-spi.bin into SPI flash
=> tftp $loadaddr $uboot-spi
=> sf erase 0 100000
=> sf write $loadaddr 0 $filesize
3. Check SW4[1:4]= 0110 and SW6[4]=0, then power on.
CPLD POR setting registers
1. Set POR switch selection register (addr 0xFFB00011) to 0.
2. Write CPLD POR registers (BCSR0~BCSR3, addr 0xFFB00014~0xFFB00017) with
proper values.
If change boot ROM location to NOR or NAND flash, need write the IFC_CS0
switch command by I2C.
3. Send reset command.
After reset, the new POR setting will be implemented.
Two examples are given in below:
Switch from NOR to NAND boot with default frequency:
=> i2c dev 0
=> i2c mw 18 1 f9
=> i2c mw 18 3 f0
=> mw.b ffb00011 0
=> mw.b ffb00017 1
=> reset
Switch from NAND to NOR boot with Core/CCB/DDR (800/400/667 MHz):
=> i2c dev 0
=> i2c mw 18 1 f1
=> i2c mw 18 3 f0
=> mw.b ffb00011 0
=> mw.b ffb00014 2
=> mw.b ffb00015 5
=> mw.b ffb00016 3
=> mw.b ffb00017 f
=> reset
Boot Linux from network using TFTP on P1010RDB
Place uImage, p1010rdb.dtb and rootfs files in the TFTP disk area.
=> tftp 1000000 uImage
=> tftp 2000000 p1010rdb.dtb
=> tftp 3000000 rootfs.ext2.gz.uboot.p1010rdb
=> bootm 1000000 3000000 2000000
For more details, please refer to P1010RDB User Guide and access website