blob: 1a13707f0b5af6269d9155f427693d541e61e27a [file] [log] [blame]
* linux/include/linux/mtd/nand.h
* Copyright © 2000-2010 David Woodhouse <>
* Steven J. Hill <>
* Thomas Gleixner <>
* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
* Info:
* Contains standard defines and IDs for NAND flash devices
* Changelog:
* See git changelog.
#ifndef __LINUX_MTD_NAND_H
#define __LINUX_MTD_NAND_H
#ifndef __UBOOT__
#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/mtd/mtd.h>
#include <linux/mtd/flashchip.h>
#include <linux/mtd/bbm.h>
#include "config.h"
#include "linux/compat.h"
#include "linux/mtd/mtd.h"
#include "linux/mtd/flashchip.h"
#include "linux/mtd/bbm.h"
struct mtd_info;
struct nand_flash_dev;
/* Scan and identify a NAND device */
extern int nand_scan(struct mtd_info *mtd, int max_chips);
* Separate phases of nand_scan(), allowing board driver to intervene
* and override command or ECC setup according to flash type.
extern int nand_scan_ident(struct mtd_info *mtd, int max_chips,
struct nand_flash_dev *table);
extern int nand_scan_tail(struct mtd_info *mtd);
/* Free resources held by the NAND device */
extern void nand_release(struct mtd_info *mtd);
/* Internal helper for board drivers which need to override command function */
extern void nand_wait_ready(struct mtd_info *mtd);
#ifndef __UBOOT__
/* locks all blocks present in the device */
extern int nand_lock(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t ofs, uint64_t len);
/* unlocks specified locked blocks */
extern int nand_unlock(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t ofs, uint64_t len);
/* The maximum number of NAND chips in an array */
#define NAND_MAX_CHIPS 8
* This constant declares the max. oobsize / page, which
* is supported now. If you add a chip with bigger oobsize/page
* adjust this accordingly.
#define NAND_MAX_OOBSIZE 744
#define NAND_MAX_PAGESIZE 16384
* Constants for hardware specific CLE/ALE/NCE function
* These are bits which can be or'ed to set/clear multiple
* bits in one go.
/* Select the chip by setting nCE to low */
#define NAND_NCE 0x01
/* Select the command latch by setting CLE to high */
#define NAND_CLE 0x02
/* Select the address latch by setting ALE to high */
#define NAND_ALE 0x04
#define NAND_CTRL_CHANGE 0x80
* Standard NAND flash commands
#define NAND_CMD_READ0 0
#define NAND_CMD_READ1 1
#define NAND_CMD_PAGEPROG 0x10
#define NAND_CMD_READOOB 0x50
#define NAND_CMD_ERASE1 0x60
#define NAND_CMD_STATUS 0x70
#define NAND_CMD_SEQIN 0x80
#define NAND_CMD_RNDIN 0x85
#define NAND_CMD_READID 0x90
#define NAND_CMD_ERASE2 0xd0
#define NAND_CMD_PARAM 0xec
#define NAND_CMD_RESET 0xff
#define NAND_CMD_LOCK 0x2a
#define NAND_CMD_UNLOCK1 0x23
#define NAND_CMD_UNLOCK2 0x24
/* Extended commands for large page devices */
/* Extended commands for AG-AND device */
* Note: the command for NAND_CMD_DEPLETE1 is really 0x00 but
* there is no way to distinguish that from NAND_CMD_READ0
* until the remaining sequence of commands has been completed
* so add a high order bit and mask it off in the command.
#define NAND_CMD_DEPLETE1 0x100
#define NAND_CMD_DEPLETE2 0x38
/* multi-bank error status (banks 0-3) */
#define NAND_CMD_NONE -1
/* Status bits */
#define NAND_STATUS_FAIL 0x01
#define NAND_STATUS_FAIL_N1 0x02
#define NAND_STATUS_READY 0x40
#define NAND_STATUS_WP 0x80
* Constants for ECC_MODES
typedef enum {
} nand_ecc_modes_t;
* Constants for Hardware ECC
/* Reset Hardware ECC for read */
#define NAND_ECC_READ 0
/* Reset Hardware ECC for write */
#define NAND_ECC_WRITE 1
/* Enable Hardware ECC before syndrome is read back from flash */
/* Bit mask for flags passed to do_nand_read_ecc */
#define NAND_GET_DEVICE 0x80
* Option constants for bizarre disfunctionality and real
* features.
/* Buswidth is 16 bit */
#define NAND_BUSWIDTH_16 0x00000002
/* Device supports partial programming without padding */
#define NAND_NO_PADDING 0x00000004
/* Chip has cache program function */
#define NAND_CACHEPRG 0x00000008
/* Chip has copy back function */
#define NAND_COPYBACK 0x00000010
* Chip requires ready check on read (for auto-incremented sequential read).
* True only for small page devices; large page devices do not support
* autoincrement.
#define NAND_NEED_READRDY 0x00000100
/* Chip does not allow subpage writes */
#define NAND_NO_SUBPAGE_WRITE 0x00000200
/* Device is one of 'new' xD cards that expose fake nand command set */
#define NAND_BROKEN_XD 0x00000400
/* Device behaves just like nand, but is readonly */
#define NAND_ROM 0x00000800
/* Device supports subpage reads */
#define NAND_SUBPAGE_READ 0x00001000
/* Options valid for Samsung large page devices */
/* Macros to identify the above */
#define NAND_HAS_CACHEPROG(chip) ((chip->options & NAND_CACHEPRG))
#define NAND_HAS_SUBPAGE_READ(chip) ((chip->options & NAND_SUBPAGE_READ))
/* Non chip related options */
/* This option skips the bbt scan during initialization. */
#define NAND_SKIP_BBTSCAN 0x00010000
* This option is defined if the board driver allocates its own buffers
* (e.g. because it needs them DMA-coherent).
#define NAND_OWN_BUFFERS 0x00020000
/* Chip may not exist, so silence any errors in scan */
#define NAND_SCAN_SILENT_NODEV 0x00040000
* Autodetect nand buswidth with readid/onfi.
* This suppose the driver will configure the hardware in 8 bits mode
* when calling nand_scan_ident, and update its configuration
* before calling nand_scan_tail.
#define NAND_BUSWIDTH_AUTO 0x00080000
/* Options set by nand scan */
/* bbt has already been read */
#define NAND_BBT_SCANNED 0x40000000
/* Nand scan has allocated controller struct */
#define NAND_CONTROLLER_ALLOC 0x80000000
/* Cell info constants */
#define NAND_CI_CHIPNR_MSK 0x03
/* Keep gcc happy */
struct nand_chip;
/* ONFI features */
#define ONFI_FEATURE_16_BIT_BUS (1 << 0)
/* ONFI timing mode, used in both asynchronous and synchronous mode */
#define ONFI_TIMING_MODE_0 (1 << 0)
#define ONFI_TIMING_MODE_1 (1 << 1)
#define ONFI_TIMING_MODE_2 (1 << 2)
#define ONFI_TIMING_MODE_3 (1 << 3)
#define ONFI_TIMING_MODE_4 (1 << 4)
#define ONFI_TIMING_MODE_5 (1 << 5)
/* ONFI feature address */
/* Vendor-specific feature address (Micron) */
/* ONFI subfeature parameters length */
/* ONFI optional commands SET/GET FEATURES supported? */
struct nand_onfi_params {
/* rev info and features block */
/* 'O' 'N' 'F' 'I' */
u8 sig[4];
__le16 revision;
__le16 features;
__le16 opt_cmd;
u8 reserved0[2];
__le16 ext_param_page_length; /* since ONFI 2.1 */
u8 num_of_param_pages; /* since ONFI 2.1 */
u8 reserved1[17];
/* manufacturer information block */
char manufacturer[12];
char model[20];
u8 jedec_id;
__le16 date_code;
u8 reserved2[13];
/* memory organization block */
__le32 byte_per_page;
__le16 spare_bytes_per_page;
__le32 data_bytes_per_ppage;
__le16 spare_bytes_per_ppage;
__le32 pages_per_block;
__le32 blocks_per_lun;
u8 lun_count;
u8 addr_cycles;
u8 bits_per_cell;
__le16 bb_per_lun;
__le16 block_endurance;
u8 guaranteed_good_blocks;
__le16 guaranteed_block_endurance;
u8 programs_per_page;
u8 ppage_attr;
u8 ecc_bits;
u8 interleaved_bits;
u8 interleaved_ops;
u8 reserved3[13];
/* electrical parameter block */
u8 io_pin_capacitance_max;
__le16 async_timing_mode;
__le16 program_cache_timing_mode;
__le16 t_prog;
__le16 t_bers;
__le16 t_r;
__le16 t_ccs;
__le16 src_sync_timing_mode;
__le16 src_ssync_features;
__le16 clk_pin_capacitance_typ;
__le16 io_pin_capacitance_typ;
__le16 input_pin_capacitance_typ;
u8 input_pin_capacitance_max;
u8 driver_strength_support;
__le16 t_int_r;
__le16 t_ald;
u8 reserved4[7];
/* vendor */
__le16 vendor_revision;
u8 vendor[88];
__le16 crc;
} __packed;
#define ONFI_CRC_BASE 0x4F4E
/* Extended ECC information Block Definition (since ONFI 2.1) */
struct onfi_ext_ecc_info {
u8 ecc_bits;
u8 codeword_size;
__le16 bb_per_lun;
__le16 block_endurance;
u8 reserved[2];
} __packed;
#define ONFI_SECTION_TYPE_0 0 /* Unused section. */
#define ONFI_SECTION_TYPE_1 1 /* for additional sections. */
#define ONFI_SECTION_TYPE_2 2 /* for ECC information. */
struct onfi_ext_section {
u8 type;
u8 length;
} __packed;
/* Extended Parameter Page Definition (since ONFI 2.1) */
struct onfi_ext_param_page {
__le16 crc;
u8 sig[4]; /* 'E' 'P' 'P' 'S' */
u8 reserved0[10];
struct onfi_ext_section sections[ONFI_EXT_SECTION_MAX];
* The actual size of the Extended Parameter Page is in
* @ext_param_page_length of nand_onfi_params{}.
* The following are the variable length sections.
* So we do not add any fields below. Please see the ONFI spec.
} __packed;
struct nand_onfi_vendor_micron {
u8 two_plane_read;
u8 read_cache;
u8 read_unique_id;
u8 dq_imped;
u8 dq_imped_num_settings;
u8 dq_imped_feat_addr;
u8 rb_pulldown_strength;
u8 rb_pulldown_strength_feat_addr;
u8 rb_pulldown_strength_num_settings;
u8 otp_mode;
u8 otp_page_start;
u8 otp_data_prot_addr;
u8 otp_num_pages;
u8 otp_feat_addr;
u8 read_retry_options;
u8 reserved[72];
u8 param_revision;
} __packed;
struct jedec_ecc_info {
u8 ecc_bits;
u8 codeword_size;
__le16 bb_per_lun;
__le16 block_endurance;
u8 reserved[2];
} __packed;
/* JEDEC features */
#define JEDEC_FEATURE_16_BIT_BUS (1 << 0)
struct nand_jedec_params {
/* rev info and features block */
/* 'J' 'E' 'S' 'D' */
u8 sig[4];
__le16 revision;
__le16 features;
u8 opt_cmd[3];
__le16 sec_cmd;
u8 num_of_param_pages;
u8 reserved0[18];
/* manufacturer information block */
char manufacturer[12];
char model[20];
u8 jedec_id[6];
u8 reserved1[10];
/* memory organization block */
__le32 byte_per_page;
__le16 spare_bytes_per_page;
u8 reserved2[6];
__le32 pages_per_block;
__le32 blocks_per_lun;
u8 lun_count;
u8 addr_cycles;
u8 bits_per_cell;
u8 programs_per_page;
u8 multi_plane_addr;
u8 multi_plane_op_attr;
u8 reserved3[38];
/* electrical parameter block */
__le16 async_sdr_speed_grade;
__le16 toggle_ddr_speed_grade;
__le16 sync_ddr_speed_grade;
u8 async_sdr_features;
u8 toggle_ddr_features;
u8 sync_ddr_features;
__le16 t_prog;
__le16 t_bers;
__le16 t_r;
__le16 t_r_multi_plane;
__le16 t_ccs;
__le16 io_pin_capacitance_typ;
__le16 input_pin_capacitance_typ;
__le16 clk_pin_capacitance_typ;
u8 driver_strength_support;
__le16 t_ald;
u8 reserved4[36];
/* ECC and endurance block */
u8 guaranteed_good_blocks;
__le16 guaranteed_block_endurance;
struct jedec_ecc_info ecc_info[4];
u8 reserved5[29];
/* reserved */
u8 reserved6[148];
/* vendor */
__le16 vendor_rev_num;
u8 reserved7[88];
/* CRC for Parameter Page */
__le16 crc;
} __packed;
* struct nand_hw_control - Control structure for hardware controller (e.g ECC generator) shared among independent devices
* @lock: protection lock
* @active: the mtd device which holds the controller currently
* @wq: wait queue to sleep on if a NAND operation is in
* progress used instead of the per chip wait queue
* when a hw controller is available.
struct nand_hw_control {
spinlock_t lock;
struct nand_chip *active;
#ifndef __UBOOT__
wait_queue_head_t wq;
* struct nand_ecc_ctrl - Control structure for ECC
* @mode: ECC mode
* @steps: number of ECC steps per page
* @size: data bytes per ECC step
* @bytes: ECC bytes per step
* @strength: max number of correctible bits per ECC step
* @total: total number of ECC bytes per page
* @prepad: padding information for syndrome based ECC generators
* @postpad: padding information for syndrome based ECC generators
* @layout: ECC layout control struct pointer
* @priv: pointer to private ECC control data
* @hwctl: function to control hardware ECC generator. Must only
* be provided if an hardware ECC is available
* @calculate: function for ECC calculation or readback from ECC hardware
* @correct: function for ECC correction, matching to ECC generator (sw/hw)
* @read_page_raw: function to read a raw page without ECC
* @write_page_raw: function to write a raw page without ECC
* @read_page: function to read a page according to the ECC generator
* requirements; returns maximum number of bitflips corrected in
* any single ECC step, 0 if bitflips uncorrectable, -EIO hw error
* @read_subpage: function to read parts of the page covered by ECC;
* returns same as read_page()
* @write_subpage: function to write parts of the page covered by ECC.
* @write_page: function to write a page according to the ECC generator
* requirements.
* @write_oob_raw: function to write chip OOB data without ECC
* @read_oob_raw: function to read chip OOB data without ECC
* @read_oob: function to read chip OOB data
* @write_oob: function to write chip OOB data
struct nand_ecc_ctrl {
nand_ecc_modes_t mode;
int steps;
int size;
int bytes;
int total;
int strength;
int prepad;
int postpad;
struct nand_ecclayout *layout;
void *priv;
void (*hwctl)(struct mtd_info *mtd, int mode);
int (*calculate)(struct mtd_info *mtd, const uint8_t *dat,
uint8_t *ecc_code);
int (*correct)(struct mtd_info *mtd, uint8_t *dat, uint8_t *read_ecc,
uint8_t *calc_ecc);
int (*read_page_raw)(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
uint8_t *buf, int oob_required, int page);
int (*write_page_raw)(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
const uint8_t *buf, int oob_required);
int (*read_page)(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
uint8_t *buf, int oob_required, int page);
int (*read_subpage)(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
uint32_t offs, uint32_t len, uint8_t *buf, int page);
int (*write_subpage)(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
uint32_t offset, uint32_t data_len,
const uint8_t *data_buf, int oob_required);
int (*write_page)(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
const uint8_t *buf, int oob_required);
int (*write_oob_raw)(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
int page);
int (*read_oob_raw)(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
int page);
int (*read_oob)(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip, int page);
int (*write_oob)(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
int page);
* struct nand_buffers - buffer structure for read/write
* @ecccalc: buffer pointer for calculated ECC, size is oobsize.
* @ecccode: buffer pointer for ECC read from flash, size is oobsize.
* @databuf: buffer pointer for data, size is (page size + oobsize).
* Do not change the order of buffers. databuf and oobrbuf must be in
* consecutive order.
struct nand_buffers {
#ifndef __UBOOT__
uint8_t *ecccalc;
uint8_t *ecccode;
uint8_t *databuf;
* struct nand_chip - NAND Private Flash Chip Data
* @IO_ADDR_R: [BOARDSPECIFIC] address to read the 8 I/O lines of the
* flash device
* @IO_ADDR_W: [BOARDSPECIFIC] address to write the 8 I/O lines of the
* flash device.
* @read_byte: [REPLACEABLE] read one byte from the chip
* @read_word: [REPLACEABLE] read one word from the chip
* @write_byte: [REPLACEABLE] write a single byte to the chip on the
* low 8 I/O lines
* @write_buf: [REPLACEABLE] write data from the buffer to the chip
* @read_buf: [REPLACEABLE] read data from the chip into the buffer
* @select_chip: [REPLACEABLE] select chip nr
* @block_bad: [REPLACEABLE] check if a block is bad, using OOB markers
* @block_markbad: [REPLACEABLE] mark a block bad
* @cmd_ctrl: [BOARDSPECIFIC] hardwarespecific function for controlling
* ALE/CLE/nCE. Also used to write command and address
* @init_size: [BOARDSPECIFIC] hardwarespecific function for setting
* mtd->oobsize, mtd->writesize and so on.
* @id_data contains the 8 bytes values of NAND_CMD_READID.
* Return with the bus width.
* @dev_ready: [BOARDSPECIFIC] hardwarespecific function for accessing
* device ready/busy line. If set to NULL no access to
* ready/busy is available and the ready/busy information
* is read from the chip status register.
* @cmdfunc: [REPLACEABLE] hardwarespecific function for writing
* commands to the chip.
* @waitfunc: [REPLACEABLE] hardwarespecific function for wait on
* ready.
* @setup_read_retry: [FLASHSPECIFIC] flash (vendor) specific function for
* setting the read-retry mode. Mostly needed for MLC NAND.
* @ecc: [BOARDSPECIFIC] ECC control structure
* @buffers: buffer structure for read/write
* @hwcontrol: platform-specific hardware control structure
* @erase_cmd: [INTERN] erase command write function, selectable due
* to AND support.
* @scan_bbt: [REPLACEABLE] function to scan bad block table
* @chip_delay: [BOARDSPECIFIC] chip dependent delay for transferring
* data from array to read regs (tR).
* @state: [INTERN] the current state of the NAND device
* @oob_poi: "poison value buffer," used for laying out OOB data
* before writing
* @page_shift: [INTERN] number of address bits in a page (column
* address bits).
* @phys_erase_shift: [INTERN] number of address bits in a physical eraseblock
* @bbt_erase_shift: [INTERN] number of address bits in a bbt entry
* @chip_shift: [INTERN] number of address bits in one chip
* @options: [BOARDSPECIFIC] various chip options. They can partly
* be set to inform nand_scan about special functionality.
* See the defines for further explanation.
* @bbt_options: [INTERN] bad block specific options. All options used
* here must come from bbm.h. By default, these options
* will be copied to the appropriate nand_bbt_descr's.
* @badblockpos: [INTERN] position of the bad block marker in the oob
* area.
* @badblockbits: [INTERN] minimum number of set bits in a good block's
* bad block marker position; i.e., BBM == 11110111b is
* not bad when badblockbits == 7
* @bits_per_cell: [INTERN] number of bits per cell. i.e., 1 means SLC.
* @ecc_strength_ds: [INTERN] ECC correctability from the datasheet.
* Minimum amount of bit errors per @ecc_step_ds guaranteed
* to be correctable. If unknown, set to zero.
* @ecc_step_ds: [INTERN] ECC step required by the @ecc_strength_ds,
* also from the datasheet. It is the recommended ECC step
* size, if known; if unknown, set to zero.
* @numchips: [INTERN] number of physical chips
* @chipsize: [INTERN] the size of one chip for multichip arrays
* @pagemask: [INTERN] page number mask = number of (pages / chip) - 1
* @pagebuf: [INTERN] holds the pagenumber which is currently in
* data_buf.
* @pagebuf_bitflips: [INTERN] holds the bitflip count for the page which is
* currently in data_buf.
* @subpagesize: [INTERN] holds the subpagesize
* @onfi_version: [INTERN] holds the chip ONFI version (BCD encoded),
* non 0 if ONFI supported.
* @jedec_version: [INTERN] holds the chip JEDEC version (BCD encoded),
* non 0 if JEDEC supported.
* @onfi_params: [INTERN] holds the ONFI page parameter when ONFI is
* supported, 0 otherwise.
* @jedec_params: [INTERN] holds the JEDEC parameter page when JEDEC is
* supported, 0 otherwise.
* @read_retries: [INTERN] the number of read retry modes supported
* @onfi_set_features: [REPLACEABLE] set the features for ONFI nand
* @onfi_get_features: [REPLACEABLE] get the features for ONFI nand
* @bbt: [INTERN] bad block table pointer
* @bbt_td: [REPLACEABLE] bad block table descriptor for flash
* lookup.
* @bbt_md: [REPLACEABLE] bad block table mirror descriptor
* @badblock_pattern: [REPLACEABLE] bad block scan pattern used for initial
* bad block scan.
* @controller: [REPLACEABLE] a pointer to a hardware controller
* structure which is shared among multiple independent
* devices.
* @priv: [OPTIONAL] pointer to private chip data
* @errstat: [OPTIONAL] hardware specific function to perform
* additional error status checks (determine if errors are
* correctable).
* @write_page: [REPLACEABLE] High-level page write function
struct nand_chip {
void __iomem *IO_ADDR_R;
void __iomem *IO_ADDR_W;
uint8_t (*read_byte)(struct mtd_info *mtd);
u16 (*read_word)(struct mtd_info *mtd);
void (*write_byte)(struct mtd_info *mtd, uint8_t byte);
void (*write_buf)(struct mtd_info *mtd, const uint8_t *buf, int len);
void (*read_buf)(struct mtd_info *mtd, uint8_t *buf, int len);
#ifdef __UBOOT__
int (*verify_buf)(struct mtd_info *mtd, const uint8_t *buf, int len);
void (*select_chip)(struct mtd_info *mtd, int chip);
int (*block_bad)(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t ofs, int getchip);
int (*block_markbad)(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t ofs);
void (*cmd_ctrl)(struct mtd_info *mtd, int dat, unsigned int ctrl);
int (*init_size)(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *this,
u8 *id_data);
int (*dev_ready)(struct mtd_info *mtd);
void (*cmdfunc)(struct mtd_info *mtd, unsigned command, int column,
int page_addr);
int(*waitfunc)(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *this);
void (*erase_cmd)(struct mtd_info *mtd, int page);
int (*scan_bbt)(struct mtd_info *mtd);
int (*errstat)(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *this, int state,
int status, int page);
int (*write_page)(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
uint32_t offset, int data_len, const uint8_t *buf,
int oob_required, int page, int cached, int raw);
int (*onfi_set_features)(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
int feature_addr, uint8_t *subfeature_para);
int (*onfi_get_features)(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
int feature_addr, uint8_t *subfeature_para);
int (*setup_read_retry)(struct mtd_info *mtd, int retry_mode);
int chip_delay;
unsigned int options;
unsigned int bbt_options;
int page_shift;
int phys_erase_shift;
int bbt_erase_shift;
int chip_shift;
int numchips;
uint64_t chipsize;
int pagemask;
int pagebuf;
unsigned int pagebuf_bitflips;
int subpagesize;
uint8_t bits_per_cell;
uint16_t ecc_strength_ds;
uint16_t ecc_step_ds;
int badblockpos;
int badblockbits;
int onfi_version;
int jedec_version;
struct nand_onfi_params onfi_params;
struct nand_jedec_params jedec_params;
int read_retries;
flstate_t state;
uint8_t *oob_poi;
struct nand_hw_control *controller;
#ifdef __UBOOT__
struct nand_ecclayout *ecclayout;
struct nand_ecc_ctrl ecc;
struct nand_buffers *buffers;
struct nand_hw_control hwcontrol;
uint8_t *bbt;
struct nand_bbt_descr *bbt_td;
struct nand_bbt_descr *bbt_md;
struct nand_bbt_descr *badblock_pattern;
void *priv;
* NAND Flash Manufacturer ID Codes
#define NAND_MFR_TOSHIBA 0x98
#define NAND_MFR_SAMSUNG 0xec
#define NAND_MFR_FUJITSU 0x04
#define NAND_MFR_NATIONAL 0x8f
#define NAND_MFR_RENESAS 0x07
#define NAND_MFR_STMICRO 0x20
#define NAND_MFR_HYNIX 0xad
#define NAND_MFR_MICRON 0x2c
#define NAND_MFR_AMD 0x01
#define NAND_MFR_MACRONIX 0xc2
#define NAND_MFR_EON 0x92
#define NAND_MFR_SANDISK 0x45
#define NAND_MFR_INTEL 0x89
#define NAND_ID_WINBOND 0xef
#define NAND_ID_ESMT 0xc8
#define NAND_MFR_GIGA 0xc8
#define NAND_MFR_ATO 0x9b
/* The maximum expected count of bytes in the NAND ID sequence */
#define NAND_MAX_ID_LEN 8
* A helper for defining older NAND chips where the second ID byte fully
* defined the chip, including the geometry (chip size, eraseblock size, page
* size). All these chips have 512 bytes NAND page size.
#define LEGACY_ID_NAND(nm, devid, chipsz, erasesz, opts) \
{ .name = (nm), {{ .dev_id = (devid) }}, .pagesize = 512, \
.chipsize = (chipsz), .erasesize = (erasesz), .options = (opts) }
* A helper for defining newer chips which report their page size and
* eraseblock size via the extended ID bytes.
* The real difference between LEGACY_ID_NAND and EXTENDED_ID_NAND is that with
* EXTENDED_ID_NAND, manufacturers overloaded the same device ID so that the
* device ID now only represented a particular total chip size (and voltage,
* buswidth), and the page size, eraseblock size, and OOB size could vary while
* using the same device ID.
#define EXTENDED_ID_NAND(nm, devid, chipsz, opts) \
{ .name = (nm), {{ .dev_id = (devid) }}, .chipsize = (chipsz), \
.options = (opts) }
#define NAND_ECC_INFO(_strength, _step) \
{ .strength_ds = (_strength), .step_ds = (_step) }
#define NAND_ECC_STRENGTH(type) ((type)->ecc.strength_ds)
#define NAND_ECC_STEP(type) ((type)->ecc.step_ds)
* struct nand_flash_dev - NAND Flash Device ID Structure
* @name: a human-readable name of the NAND chip
* @dev_id: the device ID (the second byte of the full chip ID array)
* @mfr_id: manufecturer ID part of the full chip ID array (refers the same
* memory address as @id[0])
* @dev_id: device ID part of the full chip ID array (refers the same memory
* address as @id[1])
* @id: full device ID array
* @pagesize: size of the NAND page in bytes; if 0, then the real page size (as
* well as the eraseblock size) is determined from the extended NAND
* chip ID array)
* @chipsize: total chip size in MiB
* @erasesize: eraseblock size in bytes (determined from the extended ID if 0)
* @options: stores various chip bit options
* @id_len: The valid length of the @id.
* @oobsize: OOB size
* @ecc.strength_ds: The ECC correctability from the datasheet, same as the
* @ecc_strength_ds in nand_chip{}.
* @ecc.step_ds: The ECC step required by the @ecc.strength_ds, same as the
* @ecc_step_ds in nand_chip{}, also from the datasheet.
* For example, the "4bit ECC for each 512Byte" can be set with
* NAND_ECC_INFO(4, 512).
struct nand_flash_dev {
char *name;
union {
struct {
uint8_t mfr_id;
uint8_t dev_id;
uint8_t id[NAND_MAX_ID_LEN];
unsigned int pagesize;
unsigned int chipsize;
unsigned int erasesize;
unsigned int options;
uint16_t id_len;
uint16_t oobsize;
struct {
uint16_t strength_ds;
uint16_t step_ds;
} ecc;
* struct nand_manufacturers - NAND Flash Manufacturer ID Structure
* @name: Manufacturer name
* @id: manufacturer ID code of device.
struct nand_manufacturers {
int id;
char *name;
extern struct nand_flash_dev nand_flash_ids[];
extern struct nand_manufacturers nand_manuf_ids[];
extern int nand_scan_bbt(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_bbt_descr *bd);
extern int nand_default_bbt(struct mtd_info *mtd);
extern int nand_markbad_bbt(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t offs);
extern int nand_isbad_bbt(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t offs, int allowbbt);
extern int nand_erase_nand(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct erase_info *instr,
int allowbbt);
extern int nand_do_read(struct mtd_info *mtd, loff_t from, size_t len,
size_t *retlen, uint8_t *buf);
#ifdef __UBOOT__
* Constants for oob configuration
* struct platform_nand_chip - chip level device structure
* @nr_chips: max. number of chips to scan for
* @chip_offset: chip number offset
* @nr_partitions: number of partitions pointed to by partitions (or zero)
* @partitions: mtd partition list
* @chip_delay: R/B delay value in us
* @options: Option flags, e.g. 16bit buswidth
* @bbt_options: BBT option flags, e.g. NAND_BBT_USE_FLASH
* @ecclayout: ECC layout info structure
* @part_probe_types: NULL-terminated array of probe types
struct platform_nand_chip {
int nr_chips;
int chip_offset;
int nr_partitions;
struct mtd_partition *partitions;
struct nand_ecclayout *ecclayout;
int chip_delay;
unsigned int options;
unsigned int bbt_options;
const char **part_probe_types;
/* Keep gcc happy */
struct platform_device;
* struct platform_nand_ctrl - controller level device structure
* @probe: platform specific function to probe/setup hardware
* @remove: platform specific function to remove/teardown hardware
* @hwcontrol: platform specific hardware control structure
* @dev_ready: platform specific function to read ready/busy pin
* @select_chip: platform specific chip select function
* @cmd_ctrl: platform specific function for controlling
* ALE/CLE/nCE. Also used to write command and address
* @write_buf: platform specific function for write buffer
* @read_buf: platform specific function for read buffer
* @read_byte: platform specific function to read one byte from chip
* @priv: private data to transport driver specific settings
* All fields are optional and depend on the hardware driver requirements
struct platform_nand_ctrl {
int (*probe)(struct platform_device *pdev);
void (*remove)(struct platform_device *pdev);
void (*hwcontrol)(struct mtd_info *mtd, int cmd);
int (*dev_ready)(struct mtd_info *mtd);
void (*select_chip)(struct mtd_info *mtd, int chip);
void (*cmd_ctrl)(struct mtd_info *mtd, int dat, unsigned int ctrl);
void (*write_buf)(struct mtd_info *mtd, const uint8_t *buf, int len);
void (*read_buf)(struct mtd_info *mtd, uint8_t *buf, int len);
unsigned char (*read_byte)(struct mtd_info *mtd);
void *priv;
* struct platform_nand_data - container structure for platform-specific data
* @chip: chip level chip structure
* @ctrl: controller level device structure
struct platform_nand_data {
struct platform_nand_chip chip;
struct platform_nand_ctrl ctrl;
/* Some helpers to access the data structures */
static inline
struct platform_nand_chip *get_platform_nandchip(struct mtd_info *mtd)
struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
return chip->priv;
/* return the supported features. */
static inline int onfi_feature(struct nand_chip *chip)
return chip->onfi_version ? le16_to_cpu(chip->onfi_params.features) : 0;
/* return the supported asynchronous timing mode. */
static inline int onfi_get_async_timing_mode(struct nand_chip *chip)
if (!chip->onfi_version)
return le16_to_cpu(chip->onfi_params.async_timing_mode);
/* return the supported synchronous timing mode. */
static inline int onfi_get_sync_timing_mode(struct nand_chip *chip)
if (!chip->onfi_version)
return le16_to_cpu(chip->onfi_params.src_sync_timing_mode);
* Check if it is a SLC nand.
* The !nand_is_slc() can be used to check the MLC/TLC nand chips.
* We do not distinguish the MLC and TLC now.
static inline bool nand_is_slc(struct nand_chip *chip)
return chip->bits_per_cell == 1;
* Check if the opcode's address should be sent only on the lower 8 bits
* @command: opcode to check
static inline int nand_opcode_8bits(unsigned int command)
switch (command) {
return 1;
return 0;
/* return the supported JEDEC features. */
static inline int jedec_feature(struct nand_chip *chip)
//return chip->jedec_version ? le16_to_cpu(chip->jedec_params.features)
// : 0;
return 0;
#ifdef __UBOOT__
/* Standard NAND functions from nand_base.c */
void nand_write_buf(struct mtd_info *mtd, const uint8_t *buf, int len);
void nand_write_buf16(struct mtd_info *mtd, const uint8_t *buf, int len);
void nand_read_buf(struct mtd_info *mtd, uint8_t *buf, int len);
void nand_read_buf16(struct mtd_info *mtd, uint8_t *buf, int len);
uint8_t nand_read_byte(struct mtd_info *mtd);
#endif /* __LINUX_MTD_NAND_H */